ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
1. Objectives of the Act
The objectives of this Act are:
(a) give effect to the right to inspect declaration of assets and liabilities of public officers as provided in the Third Schedule Part 1 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended);
(b) promote a culture of accountability, openness and transparency in public administration while protecting the privacy of public office holders and by so doing promote the political objectives contained in section 15 (5) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended);
(c) promote public confidence in the integrity of public office holders and the decision making process in government; and
(d) promote efficient public administration and good governance.
2. Scope of Application
This Act shall apply to all declaration of assets and liabilities by public officers pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended)
3. Right of Access to Declaration of Assets and Liabilities
(i) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other Act, law or regulation, the right of any person to access declaration of assets and liabilities of public officers in Nigeria is hereby established.
(ii) An applicant under this Act needs not demonstrate any specific interest in the information being sought for.
(iii) Any person entitled to the right of access to declarations of assets and liabilities under this Act shall have the right to institute proceedings at the Code of Conduct Tribunal or at the Federal High Court to compel the Code of Conduct Bureau or any relevant person or authority to comply with the provisions of this Act.
4. Public Access to Declarations
(i) The Bureau shall make the declaration of assets and liabilities of public officers in its custody available to the public for inspection through a website.
(ii) The Bureau shall ensure the proper organization and maintenance of all information on declaration of assets and liabilities in its custody in a manner that facilitates public access to the declarations.
(iii) The Bureau shall upload and arrange the declaration of assets and liabilities to the website in a way and manner that makes the declarations searchable by name, position, agency and other criteria that facilitates identification of specific public officers and downloadable and printable from a personal computer.
(iv) The Bureau shall upon the expiry of the date due for declarations, prepare and display on the website, on an agency by agency basis, a comprehensive list of public officers who have declared their assets and liabilities and a list of those who have not complied.
(v) Declarations of assets and liabilities are to remain on the website throughout the time a person holds public office and three years afterwards; thereafter the declaration is archived.
5. Exemption of Personal Information
(1) The Bureau shall before displaying the declaration of assets and liabilities on the website remove the following information from the declarations:
(a) national identity numbers;
(b) street address of any immovable property;
(c) banks, bank account numbers and bank verification numbers;
(d) certificate number of bonds, debentures, stocks, savings certificates, pension accounts, life insurance, trust
funds and other securities;
(e) vehicle registration numbers;
(f) full names of minors except initials;
(g) any disclosures related to health; and
(h) trade secrets and commercial or financial information where such information is proprietary, privileged or
confidential or where the disclosure of such trade secrets or information may cause harm to the interests of third
parties provided that nothing contained in this subsection shall be construed as preventing the disclosure of
interest and ownership of assets and liabilities.
6. Request for Update of the Website and Time Limits
(1) Any person shall have the right to request in writing from the Bureau an update of the website to include the
declaration of assets and liabilities of any public officer that is not available on the website.
(2) Illiterate or disabled applicants who by virtue of their illiteracy or disability are unable to make an
application for update may make the application through a third party.
(3) Where an application for update is made under subsection 1 of this section, the Bureau shall within seven days
after the application is received:
(a) effect the update on the website to include the declaration of assets and liabilities of the public officer
(b) where the public officer is yet to declare his assets and liabilities, the Bureau shall give notice to the
applicant that the public officer has not declared his assets and liabilities and indicate the steps taken by the
Bureau to ensure compliance by the public officer.
(4) The Bureau may extend the time limit set out in subsection 3 if there are circumstances that reasonably delay
its compliance with any of the options, provided however that the response to the applicant shall not exceed
fourteen days from the date after the application is received.
7. Judicial Review
(1) An application made under section 3 of this Act shall be heard and determined summarily.
(2) In any application under section 3 of this Act, the burden of establishing that the declared assets and
liabilities have been published on the website shall be on the Bureau.
(3) Where the Court is satisfied that the Bureau did not publish a declaration of assets and liabilities in its
custody on the website, the Court shall order the Bureau to publish same on the website.
(4) The Court may make such orders at it deems fit for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of section 6 of
(5) Any order made by the Court may be made subject to such conditions as the Court deems appropriate.
8. Protection of Public Officers and Users of Information
(1) No civil or criminal proceedings shall lie against any public officer for publishing the declaration of assets
and liabilities as required under this Act.
(2) No civil or criminal proceedings shall lie against any person receiving or further disclosing and using
information on declaration of assets and liabilities.
In this Act
“Applicant” refers to any person who requests for the update of the website or initiates a judicial proceeding for
the implementation of the Act.
“Application” means a request for update of the website or a suit in court for the enforcement of the Act.
“Assets and Liabilities Declaration” means a written declaration of all the properties, assets, liabilities and
conflict of interest situations of a public officer, his spouse and those of his unmarried children under the age
of 18 years as contemplated in the 1999 Constitution.
“Bureau” means the Code of Conduct Bureau established under section 153 of the Constitution and as detailed in the
Third Schedule, Part 1 of the Constitution.
“Court” means a High Court of a State or of the Federal Capital Territory or a Federal High Court.
“Public Officer” has the same meaning as stated in Fifth Schedule, Part 11 of the Constitution of the Federal
Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended).
This Act may be cited as the Access to Assets and Liabilities Declaration Act, 2019
This Act gives effect to section 3 (c) of the Third Schedule, Part 1 and section 15 (5) of the Constitution of the
Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) by providing for public access to declaration of assets and
liabilities of public officers.